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Carom Billiard Rules

North American Carom Billiards is a type of billiard game played on a billiard table with no pockets. It is similar to the more popular UK/European version, and it an extremely technical and precise game that requires much skill.

Carom Billiard Rules

Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General Rules of Carom Billiards apply.

Carom Billiard Rules - Players

Carom Billiards can be played with as little as two player. It may also be played in two teams if more players exist.

Carom Billiard Rules - Equipment

The table should be either 4 feet by 8 feet, 4 1/2 feet by 9 feet, 5 feet by 10 feet, or 6 feet by 12 feet without pockets. Markings include spots in the center of the head string, foot string, and center string. There should be two additional spots on the head string six inches on either side of the head spot.

Only three balls are used in carom billiards - one red bell, one white ball without spots and one white ball with spots (or a yellow ball).

Carom Billiard Rules - Object of the Game

The object of carom billiards is to cause the cue ball to contact both object balls on the same stroke. It's just that simple.

Carom Billiard Rules - Scoring

In carom billiards, one point is scored when the cue ball contacts both object balls on the same, legal stroke.

Carom Billiard Rules - Opening Break

The opening break is to be determined by lagging with the winning player having the option of shooting the break shot himself or allowing his opponent to shoot the break shot. For the break shot, place the red ball on the foot spot, the opponents cue ball on the head spot, and the shooters cue ball on the head string within six inches of the center spot. For the break to be legal, The cue ball must contact the red ball first.

Carom Billiard Rules of Play

  1. For any shot other than break shots, the cue ball may contact either object ball first.
  2. If the cue ball contacts both object balls on a legal stroke, the player continues his turn at the table. If contact with both balls is not made, the player's turn ends.
  3. If the cue ball is in contact with one or both of the other balls, the shooter must either
    • shoot away from the ball or balls
    • replace the balls in the break position and shoot a break shot
  4. If both object balls are within a triangle area formed by a corner and a diamond down each rail from the corner they are to be considered "crotched" balls. The player may score without regard to the crotch area at the beginning of the shooter's inning, or when one, or both, of the object balls leave the crotch area.
  5. If a ball leaves the table spot them in the following order red ball, cue ball of offending player, cue ball of incoming player. The first ball is placed on the foot spot (if it is available), the second on the head spot (if it is available), and the third on the center spot. If the cue ball leaves the table it is a foul, however if the object balls leave the table they are spotted and the shooter continues.

Carom Billiard Rules - Fouls

The following are fouls for which the penalty is loss of turn
  1. Playing out of turn.
  2. Accidental contact with any of the balls.
  3. Striking the cue ball twice or with anything other than the cue tip (i.e. cue on the same stroke, shaft, hand, chalk, bridge, etc.).
  4. Push shots. (When the cue tip stays in contact with the cue ball for a period of time longer than would occur on a natural shot.
  5. Making a shot while one of the balls is still in motion.
  6. Shooting wrong cue ball.
  7. Not having at least one foot on the floor while shooting.
  8. If the shooter's cue ball jumps off the table.

The following are fouls for which the penalties are described under unsportsman like conduct

  • Intentional interference with the path of the the balls.
  • Intentional interference with the play of your opponent.

Carom Billiard Rules - Penalties for Fouls

The penalty for all unintentional fouls is loss of turn. If a carom is made on a foul, the point is not scored. In cases of intentionally interfering with the motion of the balls, penalties are to be awarded as provided under Unsportsmanlike Conduct in the Tournament Rules and Regulations.

Carom Billiard Rules

If you have any questions about Carom Billiard Rules, please post them in the pool rules forum.

...or view existing Carom Billiard Rules questions in the forum.

Carom Billiard Rules History

Evidence of various Carom billiard games has been found as far back as the early 1800s. As you may have seen in the history of the General rules of carom billiards, the game of carom billiards has come and gone in many, many formats. (I'm talking over 30 documented formats, soon to be found on this site.) As mentioned earlier, it used to be promoted by the BCA, however today it is not even listed in the rules section of their site. Today, it is more commonly promoted by the UMB. It is believed that carom billiards was invented in France during the 18th century, where it was known as Carambole after the stroke used to hit both the object ball and the opponent's cue ball at one. Carambole had arrived to America at the end of the 19th century. Nowadays carom billiard games are often played in Asia, South American and Continental Europe and less in North America and the United Kingdom. For more detailed history of carom billiards and it's rules, see the general rules of carom billiards and scroll down to the history section.

The official Carom Billiard Rules are predominently observed in North America.

The official governing body for Carom Billiard Rules is the Union Mondiale de Billard.

How to Play Carom Billiard

  • Title: Carom Billiard Rules
  • Author: (Billiards Forum)
  • Published: 4/13/2009 8:27:00 AM
  • Source: Internet

Carom Billiard Rules

The Carom Billiard Rules article belongs to the Carom Billiard Rules category. Carom billiards is a class of cue sport games played on a pocketless carom billiard table.

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