Definition of a Slip Stroke
During the last backswing of the grip hand before delivery to the cue ball, the back hand loosens up and slips farther back on the cue stick. A player using a slip stroke will choke up more on the cue, as the grip hand slips back on the cue on the final back stroke. (watch Willie Mosconi, and especially Cowboy Jimmy Moore who had a beautiful and long slip stroke)
Some of you are confused on types of strokes.
Another similar stroke style is the STROKE SLIP, or Dart Stroke as some call it. It is the exact opposite of the Slip Stroke. As opposed to letting the hand slip back on the final back stroke, the hand loosens up on the final forward stroke. The cue actually "darts" through the grip hand and then you regrip. Basically your throwing your cue forward, the grip loosens the cue slides forward through the grip hand and finally the grip hand re-grips. The re-grip doesn't happen untill after contact with the cue ball.
Now I'm going to explain the benefits of these two types of strokes (FACT: both are RARELY seen today, you can't name one world class player that uses a slip stroke or stroke slip/dart stroke today.)
First off when it comes to the stroke also know that the VAST majority of players (95+%) don't complete their stroke.
This is why most players only have 3 playing speeds
2)Their normal playing speed
The one stroke that most players do finish (albeit the wrong way) is the Break Speed Stroke.
First the wrong way to attain a complete stroke is to drop the elbow upon delivery, this gives you another pivot point in the shoulder. The elbow comes down and the cue tip can extend far out.
The correct way to complete a stroke is:
1)pull the cue back all the way on the final backstroke
2)THE ELBOW IS STATIONARY AND DOESN'T MOVE
3)You deliver the shot and the grip hand will stop right on the side of your chest (close to your nipple)
3a)Stand up and let your hand hang to the side of your hip arm straight, now relax the arm. Next quickly try and hit your shoulder by just letting the hinge (elbow) work. Now you see where your hand is sitting against the pectoral muscle....THIS IS THE HOME POSITION or FINISH POSITION.....I call it the home position because thats how I teach, "the grip hand goes home, and the ball goes in"
Overgripping the cue, can cause you to steer it upon delivery. Knowing this we can deduce that a lighter grip will be easier to control. When the grip hand is too tight, it affects the way the wrist works mechanically with the rest of the arm. Too tight a grip hand and it puts tension on the bicep and can or will cause the elbow to drop.
A light grip will let the wrist work properly with the arm, upon completion of the stroke the grip hand knuckles should be angled up.... kinda like this symbol / tho not that steep (30-45degree) the pinkie knuckle is going to be pointed towards the ground and the index finger knuckle will be pointed up.
Now instead of players adjusting the speed at which they deliver the cue stick to make a certain speed shot, most actually stop the delivery of the cue FAR short of the home position...just like a BUNT in baseball, they don't complete the swing. It is much easier to train yourself to ALWAYS COMPLETE THE STROKE ON EVERY SHOT, the only adjustment you make for speed of hit is HOW FAST YOU DELIVER THE CUE STICK....NOT HOW FAR. They hit the ball perfect in every way, except...since the hand is not going home it is actually in a state of DECELERATION upon contact with the cue ball, as opposed to ACCELERATION.
So a COMPLETE STROKE....will always ACCELERATE through the CB(cueball)
Forget about "hit the ball and then follow through" thats crap, follow through has NOTHING to do with action on the cue ball. The cue tip only contacts the CB for 1/1000th of a sec. So anything that happens after contact is meaningless in regards to how it will or wont affect a shot. You COMPLETE the Stroke fully to the home position, and that will naturally cause the stroke to be accelerating the whole length of the delivery.
This is the reason you see players hit the balls at 10,000 miles and hour to draw and it only draws a foot. They hit the cue ball right, and even accelerated through the first 1/3 of the stroke (maybe) and then DECELERATION occurred. Since you hit the ball with deceleration, the ball does not POP off the tip...the cue tip more or less PUSHES the CB.
So to finish this all up, I'm going to explain some benefits of the slip stroke
Remember how I said if the grip hand is not going to the home position at the chest then DECELERATION is occurring. And that even tho most every player has this symptom, they do accelerate through at least the first 1/3 of the stroke.
In the Slip stroke your going to be holding the cue with the grip hand further up the wrap area. When you slip back your hand it gives you alot of extra length. This extra length shows up during the pause on the backswing (everyone has a pause no matter how slight) b/f you finish the stroke. Remember how I said your always going to find ACCELERATION in the first 1/3 of the stroke? Well when the grip hand slipped back, it made up for the other 2/3 of the stroke and your going to acheive Pure ACCELERATION in the delivery of the tip to the ball.
So yea your going to have a longer follow through, but its not the follow through its the acceleration that helps us move the balls. By sliding your hand back during the back swing you added length to the stroke....which if enough length is present you could find your self always having perfect acceleration without having to complete the stroke fully with the hand ending in the home position.
You modified the use hand position on your tool (cue stick) to Trump the effects of deceleration that occurs very often in very many players. By the time you started to decelerate the ball has long done hit the tip and left.
Knowing all this you should easily understand how the STROKE SLIP/DART STROKE works.
Your actually releasing the cue around the start of the final delivery(forward stroke), and then the re-grip occurs after tip contact with the CB.
By letting the cue slip FORWARD this time, you gave it forward energy and ACCELERATION. One thing you might see is a shorter follow through distance of the tip through the CB. It could also be longer, it just depends on when you catch the cue again and stop it.
The Stroke slip/Dart Stroke PROVE that that follow through affects nothing, as stated b/f its all about ACCELERATION through the ball.
Food For thought
-light grip on cue...no matter what kind of stroke your using
-ACCELERATE thru the CB by always finishing with the grip hand in the "HOME" position
-Vary only velocity of stroke to adjust the speed of the shot, you do not adjust speed by adjusting the length of the stroke....this is why every one is so inconsistent, in a game that calls for consistency.
If anyone has any questions or comments or would like further instruction in proper cueing techniques, Traveling Lessons, or just anything pool just drop me an email at firstname.lastname@example.org
For a better game,